Russia Moves to the 10th Place in R&D Expenditures Ranking
In 2016 Russian GERD (in purchasing power parity) amounted to $39,9 billion. That puts the country in the 10th position, after:
Brazil ($41,1 billion),
UK ($47,2 billion),
India ($50,1 billion),
France ($62,2 billion),
Republic of Korea ($79,4 billion),
Germany ($118,5 billion),
Japan ($168,6 billion),
China ($451,2 billion),
US ($511,1 billion).
In terms of another indicator — GERD as a share in GDP, the Republic of Korea is the leader among the 20 countries under consideration (at 4,24%), followed by Switzerland (3,37%) and Sweden (3,25%). Russia has one of the lowest figures at 1,1%. Below it in the top twenty countries are only Turkey (0,88%) and India (0,62%).
In terms of GERD per researcher, the leaders are Switzerland ($406,7 thousand) and the US ($359,9 thousand). Russia spends $93 thousand per researcher a year.
The number of researchers (in full time equivalents) per 10 thousand of workers employed in the economy in Russia is 60. The leaders of the ranking are Sweden (144), Korea (138), and Taiwan (131).
Note that Russia remains a world leader in terms of an absolute number of R&D personnel. In 2016 the number of researchers (in full time equivalents) was 428,9 thousand. Only China (1,692 thousand), the US (1,380 thousand), and Japan (665,6 thousand) have more.
Source: IQ.hse.ru (in Russian)