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Regular version of the site


25 Professions for the Future for which HSE is Training Students

The labour market is changing rapidly and radically. The changes are already apparent and are certain to become even more pronounced in the coming years. Accordingly, the question 'which professions are going to be in demand in 5-10 years’ time' becomes increasingly important: what qualifications should be acquired now to have labour market-relevant knowledge and skills upon graduation? The HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge (ISSEK) experts addressed these issues in the scope of the targeted project to identify professions for the future.

The resulting list of professions was drafted using smart big data analysis tools (such as text mining), and polling leading experts employed by the National Research University Higher School of Economics. Professions’ “market prospects” were assessed by forecasting demand for them both globally and in Russia, taking into account the relevant labour market and S&T development trends.

“Professions for the future” do not necessarily have to be completely new, or unheard of. Some of them are “classic” occupations which have been practiced for many years but whose nature has radically changed in recent years, while other professions didn’t even have a name a few years back. People with that kind of qualifications are already in demand in more advanced countries, while the study revealed that in Russia demand for such skills is expected to emerge in about 5 years’ time.

HSE offers Master’s Programmes to train in all such professions.

An extended version of the project results will be published soon (in the conventional paper format), to provide detailed descriptions of 37 professions with particularly good market prospects.

Subject areas:

Applied mathematics and data science

  • Research mathematician
  • Data scientist
  • Bioinformatician
  • Personalised medical programme manager



  • Digital market researcher
  • STI expert
  • Impressions manager

Physics and electronics

  • Quantum communication networks manager
  • Nanostructures and nanomaterials designer
  • Nanoelectronics research engineer


Informatics, business informatics

  • Systems architect
  • Systems programmer
  • Cybersecurity expert
  • E-business consultant

Economics and finance

  • Financial economist
  • Financial analyst
  • Financial engineer
  • Financial manager

Social science and humanities

  • Cross-cultural psychology consultant
  • IT lawyer
  • Data journalist
  • Multimedia exhibition curator
  • Digital producer
  • Computer linguist

Education management

  • Tutor

Project team

Project committee 

Leonid GokhbergFirst Vice Rector, HSE ISSEK Director

Sergey RoshchinVice Rector, Head of HSE Laboratory for Labour Market Studies

Alexander SokolovForesight Centre Director, HSE ISSEK Deputy Director

Natalia ShmatkoHead, HSE ISSEK Human Capital Research Department


Work group

Galina VolkovaHSE ISSEK Research Assistant

Alina LavrinenkoExpert, HSE Institute of Public Resource Management

Natalia ShmatkoHead, HSE ISSEK Human Capital Research Department

Daniil Maksimenko, HSE ISSEK Research Assistant



Valentina Berezhnaya, Head of “Data Journalism” programme

Nikolai Berzon, Head of “Financial Engineering” programme

Irina Bogdanovskaya, Head of “IT and IP Law” programme

Daniil Bograchev, Head of “Materials, Instruments, Nanotechnology” programme

Anastasia Bonch-Osmolovskaya, Head of “Computer Linguistics” programme

Tatiana Vetrova, Head of “Marketing” programme (Moscow)

Andrei Vishnekov, Head of “Computer Systems and Networks” programme

Kirill Zinkovskiy, Head of “Higher Education Management” programme

Irina Ivashkovskaya, Head of “Corporate Finance” programme

Mikhail Karasev, Head of “Mathematical Modelling Techniques and Computer Technologies” programme

Mikhail Komarov, Head of “E-Business” programme

Sergei Kuznetsov, Head of “Data Science” Programme

Vladimir Lebedev, Head of “Physics” programme

Dirk Meissner, Head of “Governance of Science, Technology and Innovation” programme

Maxim Nikitin, Head of “Financial Economics” Programme

Alexander Petrenko, Head of “System Programming” programme

Marina Predvoditeleva, Head of “Impressions Economics: Hospitality and Tourism Management” programmes (Moscow)

Piotr Safronov, Head of “Evidence-Based Education Policy” Programme

Vasiliy Solodkov, Head of “Financial Analysis” programme

Irina Shafranskaya, Head of “Smart Marketing: Data, Analytics, Insights” programme (Perm)

Olga Tarabayeva, Head of Educational Programmes Development Departments


Expert in science, technology and innovation

Will conduct an integrated analysis of the current state and development prospects in the field of science, technology and innovation (STI); consult companies, public authorities, international organisations; participate in developing and assessing national, industry-specific, regional, and local STI strategies.

The global challenges the world is facing, and ambitious development objectives of particular countries require to make an efficient use of available science, technology and innovation potential. This is also relevant for Russia which is actively trying to find new sources of economic growth and intends to reduce the technological gap with foreign countries.

The expert in science, technology and innovation will monitor the development of national innovation systems, specific areas of, and tools for shaping national and corporate innovation policies; participate in professional and expert discussions and preparing recommendations for key stakeholders; and promote international S&T cooperation. He/she must be proficient in designing S&T policy-shaping tools, developing quantitative and qualitative indicators, specialised techniques and methodologies for assessing the efficiency of the proposed tools, and their contribution to accomplishing socio-economic objectives.

This profession is very much in demand in public administration (government ministries and agencies), research foundations and development institutes (in Russia such as RVC, RUSNANO, Skolkovo, etc.), major companies and international organisations (such as the OECD, the World Bank, etc.)

Market estimate

$2 trillion 

reached the global R&D market in 2017. Increasing R&D expenditures to 3% of the GDP is one of the European Union’s development objectives 2020.

Drivers of the profession’s importance:

  • need to deal with pressing socio-economic problems (global challenges) on national and international levels
  • globalisation of science, technology, and innovation
  • need to develop long-term STI policies
  • accelerated proliferation of new knowledge and technologies
  • changing approaches to public administration due to digitalisation

What objectives the expert will be accomplishing

  • dealing with socio-economic problems on the national level, by applying advanced S&T results and promoting companies’ innovation activities
  • assessing STI policies
  • designing STI policy tools
  • developing methodologies for analysing the STI sphere on national and international levels
  • monitoring global technology trends
  • forecasting S&T development in Russia and internationally

What knowledge and skills the expert will have

  • knowledge of national innovation systems’ specific institutional features
  • proficiency in measuring and analytical techniques suitable for the STI sphere, and STI policies in particular
  • ability to interpret relevant development trends in Russia and internationally
  • knowledge of Russian and international intellectual property legislation
  • knowledge of Foresight methodologies and techniques

Where to study

Master’s programme “Governance of Science, Technology and Innovation”

More information about professions see on the HSE portal (in Russian)