2021: People and Figures
We summarised the results of 2021 in stories about people and ‘figures.’
The staff of the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge gathered major personal, team and socially significant indicators describing our reality that has increasingly more tasks for science, new technologies, and innovations, as well as features of the digital economy.
The indicators are arranged in ascending order and in some approximation to the chronological order of the events described.
ISSEK Research Fellow Maxim Kotsemir was awarded the Research Excellence Award Russia-2021. This award has been presented by Elsevier (Scopus operator) since 2005, celebrating the achievements of Russian scientists whose research papers are on par with world publications both quantitatively and qualitatively.
In 2021, the Science, Technology and Innovation Studies series was expanded, which ISSEK has been producing jointly with Springer since 2016. In just five years, 13 monographs have been published in the series. The latest among them is 'The Knowledge Triangle' (editors Dirk Meissner, Leonid Gokhberg, Yaroslav Kuzminov, Mario Cervantes, Sylvia Schwaag Serger) devoted to the analysis of the role universities play in the innovation landscape.
The Atlas of Future Professions was released (in Russian) by the HSE University and Sber as an interactive version. It presents 50 promising professions in 12 areas of activity. The Atlas was prepared using results of a foresight study and opinions of leading experts from Sberbank and HSE University, as well as iFORA-powered big data analysis of the labour market.
is the increase in the number of regional scientific, technical and innovative projects supported by federal authorities and development institutions most actively involved in federal STI policy. The results of the 7th Russian Regional Innovation Ranking showed the following trend in the development of regional innovation policy: leaders focused on attracting financial resources, and 'catching up' regions sought to obtain new federal statutes.
3 PhD Theses
have been successfully defended in 2021 by young ISSEK researchers: Valeriya Vlasova, Galina Volkova, and Nikolay Chichkanov.
For a Period of 3 Years
the Master’s programme ‘Governance of Science, Technology, and Innovation’ has been accredited by the EFMD, one of the most prestigious accreditations for organisations and higher education programmes in the field of management.
of ISSEK’ Express Information began to be published (in Russian) in 2021. Along with earlier ones (‘Science, Technology, Innovation’ and ‘Digital Economy’) we launched two new series: ‘iFORA-Express’ and ‘Human Potential.’ In total, there were 53 issues published in 2021 — a record number for all five years of publication.
5 Subject Categories
of the Foresight and STI Governance journal have been included in the Q1 of the Scopus CiteScore rating. Last year there were two such categories.
took Foresight and STI Governance journal in the RSCI SCIENCE INDEX rating — a record high place and the best result among all Russian journals in the field of social sciences and humanities.
has been issued in the annual series of reviews analysing Internet development trends produced by ISSEK and commissioned by the Coordination Centre for TLD .RU/.РФ. Its theme ’From Digital Opportunities to a Digital Reality’ reflects the growing role of digital technologies in all areas of life.
6 Social Networks
are managed by the ISSEK Science Communication Unit in Russian. In November 2021, a telegram channel @iFORA_knows_how has been added to the official accounts on Facebook, VKontakte, Yandex.Zen, YouTube and SoundCloud. In addition, you can now read new Express Information and other publications of the ISSEK using a mobile application HSE.Analytics.
per one mobile young scientist in 2016–2018, and ca. three per one non-mobile young scientist were found on average in international peer-reviewed journals. This advantage in the effectiveness of mobile scientists was revealed by an international team of researchers, which included ISSEK’s Alena Nefedova, Galina Volkova, and Maxim Kotsemir.
have been prepared in Russian by the ISSEK staff based on the iFORA (Intelligent FOResight Analytics system): the most popular digital technologies and dynamically growing services and business models, including in the context of industry, fintech, retail, sports, as well as promising professions and competencies (using the example of STEM and digital sphere).
in the number of young researchers (aged under 39 inclusive) in Russia over the past decade (153.4 thousand people) according to the latest available official statistics for 2020. Their share in the total number of researchers has grown to 44.3% (in 2011 — 37.5%). Details can be found in the ‘Russian Science Is Getting Younger’ Express Information (in Russian).
is the 2021 anniversary of both ISSEK research laboratories, founded in 2011 among the first three international laboratories of the HSE. The First Vice-Rector of the HSE University, Director of the ISSEK Leonid Gokhberg told the University bulletin ’Okna Rosta’ (in Russian) about the history behind the Laboratory for Economics of Innovation; Deputy Director, Director of the ISSEK Foresight Centre Alexander Sokolov told about the Laboratory of Science and Technology Studies.
11th Foresight Conference
has been conducted by ISSEK in October 2021. It was included in the programme of the Year of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation and organised as part of the activities of the Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre. Within eight days, during 20 sessions and seminars, about 80 reports were presented remotely. They were joined by experts of the European Commission, UNESCO, World Intellectual Property Organisation, Global Think Tank ‘The Millennium Project’, representatives of Russian and foreign scientific centres and leading universities, ministries and agencies, development institutions and companies from more than 25 states in which foresight is tightly integrated into the political agenda, in particular from Canada, China, Finland, Germany, India, Japan, Singapore, Sweden, South Africa, United Kingdom, and United States. See more details on the conference website.
were included in the programme of the International Symposium ‘Foresight and Science, Technology and Innovation Policy’, organised by ISSEK within the framework of the XXII April International Academic Conference on Economic and Social Development. For this largest HSE conference, the ISSEK team prepared four reports (f.e.: ’Digital Transformation of Industries: Starting Conditions and Priorities’). Also, during the April Conference, the ISSEK held its first-ever Symposium ‘Application of Big Data Analysis for Trend Spotting Related to the Development and Use of Human Capital’ and participated in a number of discussions of the HSE Discussion Club and Sber. You can read more about ISSEK events within the framework of the April Conference (from 2022 it will be denoted Yasinskaya) here.
14 National Online Surveys
at all levels of the main educational programmes have been conducted in the framework of Monitoring of Education Markets and Organisations (MEMO). Resumed after a three-year break, this is the only project in Russia with a system of annual sociological and statistical studies of various levels of education. They are conducted by several HSE departments under the overall coordination of the ISSEK Centre for Statistics and Monitoring of Education. Based on the MEMO results, the project staff has prepared a two-volume book, 2 statistical reviews, 28 analytical materials, 4 scientific articles, and 24 presentations at conferences.
16 Creative Industries
were ‘measured’ by the ISSEK during the research on the creative economy of Russia and Moscow. In October 2021, an International scientific conference and an International Forum of Young Researchers of the Creative Economy were held for the first time. Events were organised within the framework of the Year of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation and Human Capital Multidisciplinary Research Centre.
28 Faculties and Research Units of the HSE University
will take part in the implementation of the Strategic Project (SP) ‘National Centre for Scientific, Technological and Socio-Economic Foresight’, launched in 2021 as part of a grant under the Priority 2030 Programme. The goal of the SP coordinated by the HSE ISSEK is the development, testing, and scaling of effective long-term forecasting tools that could create a fundamentally new information basis for the formation of evidence-based policy and management decision-making.
32% of Industrial Enterprises
in Russia plan to invest in environmental protection, according to the assessment of the ISSEK Centre for Business Tendencies Studies, which is based on the survey data from more than 23 thousand heads of industrial organisations in Russia (conducted annually by Rosstat) and the results of a pilot survey of more than 1 thousand investment-active industrial enterprises from 30 Russian regions (conducted in 2020 by the Information and Publishing Centre ‘Statistics of Russia’ and commissioned by the HSE).
have been released by the ISSEK Editorial and Publishing Department in 2021. Ten of them continue the ongoing series of data books (published annually in Russian and English) and the Russian Regional Innovation Development Ranking.
Russia took in 2021 in Global Innovation Index (GII), rising by two positions relative to the 2020 level.
In 2021, the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge became one of nine participants in the Global Innovation Index Academic Network. Leonid Gokhberg, the First Vice-Rector, Director of the HSE ISSEK, has been a member of the International Advisory Board of the Global Innovation Index for almost 10 years.
were calculated by ISSEK experts for the new 2030 Strategy of Socio-Economic Development of Russia (in Russian) as part of institutional R&D commissioned by the Russian Government. On the basis of specially developed macro- and microeconomic models, estimates of the expected effects and consequences of the implementation of strategic initiatives in the field of science, innovation and digital economy for the relevant sectors of the economy and social sphere were obtained, recommendations were prepared on the key parameters of the analysed initiatives to improve their effectiveness.
from 52 countries participated in the writing of the 7th UNESCO Science Report, published every five years to provide an overview of the main trends in the development of world science during this period. The authors of the chapter on Russia were ISSEK employees: Leonid Gokhberg and Tatiana Kuznetsova. They also participated in the preparation of sections for the previously published 5th and 6th editions of the report. The next UNESCO Science Report will be released in 2026.
84% of Russians
believe that research and development results increase the quality of life (the survey was conducted by ISSEK in 2020 as part of the Monitoring Survey of Innovative Behaviour of the Population). For more information, see the data book ‘Science. Technology. Innovation: 2022’.
227th Position in the World
took HSE University in terms of attracting funding for research and development in the Times Higher Education (THE) ranking in 2021. The promotion of the University in THE institutional ranking was commented on by the First Vice-Rector, Director of the HSE ISSEK Leonid Gokhberg. In addition to a wide range of studies that were conducted at ISSEK in 2021 under the Basic Research Programme, the Institute has signed 17 new contracts with external customers, including Sberbank, Rosstat, Rosatom, and Roscosmos organisations, etc.
were received by the report ‘What Is the Digital Economy?’ (in Russian) prepared in 2019 by ISSEK experts. The book has reached the first line in citation among 6 thousand publications in this field for 2019–2021 indexed in the RSCI SCIENCE INDEX rating. The citation analysis of publications in this database showed that other ISSEK works on the digital sphere have also become scientific hits. The data books ‘Indicators of the Digital Economy: 2019’ and ‘Digital Economy: 2019’ have also entered the top 3 in terms of citation (492 and 291 citations from 2019, respectively). They represent two annual data book series on the digital economy produced by ISSEK in partnership with the Ministry of Digital Development, Communications and Mass Media of the Russian Federation and Rosstat.
973 Frontiers of Science
were identified using the iFORA Big Data Mining System on an array of over 35.5 million scientific publications for 2016–2020, included in the Microsoft Academic Graph database. As a result of mapping the world science, 15 areas, 131 directions, and 15 thousand topics included in them were identified. Frontiers were selected as part of each direction. Within the framework of the study, ISSEK specialists developed and tested a pilot methodology for determining the frontiers of science using artificial intelligence technologies.
1,342 Branches of Specialisation
were identified by experts of the ISSEK Russian Cluster Observatory in the Russian regions. Tradable industries account for 44% of the employed and 50% of the payroll fund in Russia, 73% of investments are accumulated in them and 82% of the total volume of goods and services is created. Detailed results of the study are presented in the 'Atlas of Economic Specialisation of Russian Regions' (in Russian).
9,500 Foreign Doctoral Students Studied in Russia
In 2014–2020, the number of international doctoral students increased from 5,500 to 9,500 and their share grew from 4.6 to 10.8%, according to Rosstat data analysed by HSE ISSEK. In 2020, the largest number of students came from China (2204 students) and Kazakhstan (1194 students). The share of doctoral students from the CIS countries did not exceed 30.5% for the first time during the period under review.
About 10 000 Media Reports
with references to ISSEK’s studies, came out in 2021, according to Medialogia. Their number has almost doubled compared to the previous year. Topics that have attracted the most media attention: market surveys of the business tendencies, S&T and digital policy, foresight studies, development of clusters and innovations in the regions, measurements of creative industries and surveys within the Monitoring of Education Markets and Organisations, as well as scientific conferences of the ISSEK. Of all publications of the Institute, the 7th issue of the Russian Regional Innovation Ranking received the most attention from the press, which wrote more than 770 media reports. In the monthly media ratings of Russian education organisations compiled by Medialogia, the topics of the ISSEK were mentioned three times in the top 3 main events that influenced the HSE media reputation in 2021.
More than 500 Million Documents
are included in the iFORA Big Data Mining System, developed by ISSEK with the use of artificial intelligence technologies and it is constantly updated with new sources. Among them: scientific publications, patents, regulatory framework, market analytics, sector-specific media, materials of international organisations, vacancies, and other types of data.
was the foreign trade turnover of Russian technologies by the end of 2020 — the maximum value for the twenty-year period of statistical surveys. The volumes of Russian exports and imports have grown 18.8 and 12.2 times in 20 years, almost reaching parity — 4.5 and 4.8 billion dollars, respectively. For more information, see the ISSEK Express Information ‘The Demand for Russian Technologies in Foreign Markets is Growing’ (in Russian).
Many results (not all are described here) received a synergistic boost by The Year of Science and Technology in Russia and The International Year of Creative Economy for Sustainable Development, which the UN has declared 2021
and anticipate new events that will take place in the 2022 year of double anniversary: the HSE University will celebrate its 30th anniversary, and ISSEK — the 20th.
'Figures' were prepared by: Alexander Sokolov, Pavel Rudnik, Natalya Solovyeva, Veronika Belousova, Mikhail Gershman, Evgeniy Kutsenko, Alexander Chulok, Konstantin Vishnevskiy, Kristina Utyatina, Vasily Abashkin, Anna Grebenyuk, Natalia Bondarenko, Natalia Gavrilicheva, Maria Sokolova, Vladimir Puchkov, Valeria Vlasova, Alena Nefedova, Galina Sagieva, Kirill Ditkovsky, Elena Gutaruk
Translation: Maria Rukhalenko
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